Dogs & Cataracts 

Dogs & Cataracts 

When dogs get older, their eyes will often turn a whitish-blue color. Older dogs may have problems seeing and end up running into things. This is known as the development of cataracts in their eyes. This article will go into further detail about cataracts and what you can do to comfort your dog.

You may be wondering what cataracts are. Cataracts form in the lens of the eye. The lenses become gray or milky-white in the eyes. The change in color blocks light from entering the eye and has a negative impact on your dog’s vision. Unfortunately, this leads to blindness. You may find it interesting that there are different types of cataracts seen in dogs:

  • Senile cataracts. This type of cataract develops in dogs over six years of age. 
  • Congenital cataracts. This type of cataract occurs at birth. 
  • Developmental cataracts. This type of cataract shows up early and can take several years to be visible.  
  • Inherited cataracts. This type of cataract is associated with another systemic disease that affects the eye.  
  • Trauma-related cataracts. This type of cataract is a result of an eye injury.  

It is crucial to understand the diagnosis of cataracts in dogs. Your veterinarian will use a bright light with magnification to examine your dog’s lenses and retinas. The only way to treat a dog with cataracts is with surgery. Surgery can be expensive, and your dog must attend many follow-up appointments. If your dog cannot have surgery, non-surgical options will not stop the progression of cataracts, and loss of vision will occur.

Dogs can still live happy and healthy life with cataracts. This will require a bit of care and attention on your part. Surgery may not be an option for every dog, but providing a safe environment for the dog will make things easier. For example, you can place food and water bowls in safe places, prevent your dog from using the stairs, and put paths between furniture so that your dog can find its way through.